The country profiles

Summary

The Global Health Workforce Alliance’s report ‘A Universal Truth: No Health Without a Workforce ’ includes an analysis of the human resources for health (HRH) situation in 36 countries. A mix of low, middle and high income countries were selected to show how the availability, accessibility, acceptability and quality dimensions of HRH are being addressed in different settings and the range of challenges that need to be addressed to achieve, or maintain, Universal Health Coverage (UHC).

Progress on HRH for UHC has been accomplished in all the countries profiled in the report, but the picture is not of unified and sustainable progress. Countries that have shown progress in improving the essential AAAQ dimensions have similar conditions in common: strong political commitment; a systematic approach to improving HRH; different initiatives linked together, and also with broader health system strengthening actions; and continuity maintained during implementation of HRH plans.

Whilst many countries have made progress in strengthening their health workforce, too many children continue to die because they can’t see a health worker when they need one. 24 of the 36 countries profiled in the GHWA report have a high burden of newborn and child mortality. Here, we focus on these countries – plus three additional countries with high levels of child mortality – in more detail. Click on a profile below to learn more about how health workers are making a difference in these countries.

Seven of the 36 countries profiled are high income countries and members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). These countries face challenges in maintaining a strong domestic health workforce and have an important role to play in supporting HRH in low and middle-income countries.

Countries are categorised according to the six regions of the World Health Organization:

AFRO – Africa region
EMRO – Eastern Mediterranean region
EURO – European region
PAHO – Region of the Americas
SEARO – South-East Asia region
WPRO – Western Pacific region